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昨天发了一篇名为《阿联酋外籍人士平均月收入为38000迪》的文章,遭到了许多网友的质疑,一石激起千层浪。几乎所有迪拜华人纷纷表示拖后腿拖得太严重。因为这个月收入对于大部分迪拜打工者都是一个天文数字。

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此文转载自阿联酋当地知名媒体Emirates247于2015年9月28日刊登的文章。文中提到的调查数据来自汇丰的的调查报告–HSBC Expat Explorer Survey。调查显示,阿联酋外籍人士平均月收入为38000迪(合65000人民币/月)。

另外在9月中旬,另一个咨询公司ECA国际的数据也表明,相比于其他的国家,在外籍工作者薪酬方面,阿联酋居世界前列。除了薪资总额排名前列,零收入税也让阿联酋的外籍工作者们十分享受。但文中并未透露具体数值。

两个调查公司都得出了相似的调研结果,可为什么好多迪拜人都表示”错的离谱”?

笔者认为这并非是调查错误,造成误会取决于调查样本结构。

第一,从样本的数量来看,HSBC Expat Explorer Survey调研了100个国家的22000个全球样本,ECA调研了全球350家跨国企业。这个样本中涉及阿联酋的比例并不大,对于阿联酋来说,这个样本太小。

第二,无论是HSBC Expat Explorer Survey还是ECA的Expatriate Salary Management Survey,都属于全球性调研,报告最终会形成不同国家的横向对比报告,以反映”外籍人士”在全球化背景下的客观情况。笔者认为,既然要满足全球性的横向对比,调研中涉及的外籍人士自然也需要”全球性背景”。再加上两家调研公司的总部均在英国,自然调研对象会集中在具备”高频跨国工作能力”的”欧美倾向”外籍人士。这一类群体普遍属于白领、金领或中产阶级,往往具备获得高薪的能力。如果把阿联酋的劳工和底层都囊括到样本中,这样的报告结论反而会失真且无法进行对比。

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放在一个全球性调研项目里,这样的样本结构自然名正言顺,何况对高收入阶层的调研报告对咨询公司来说是有利可图的,说来可悲,没有什么机构会花大价钱购买社会底层人士的经济数据。所以我认为就调研目的,这份调查报告本身没有问题,因为这并非是一个仅针对阿联酋本地而进行的独立调研。可如果仅针对阿联酋这个国家,这样的样本结构就具有很大的局限性了。

第三,这种具有”高频跨国工作能力”的”欧美倾向”外籍人士在阿联酋究竟多能赚钱呢?

ECA在报告中表示:比较了各国中层经理的收入,英国排名第一,外籍中层经理年收入43万美金(也就是月薪合13万迪拉姆/月)。但是,这样的高收入也伴随着高税收支出。如果仅仅考虑工资和福利,零税收的原因让阿联酋的薪资水平位列世界前茅。言下之意是,如果把税去掉,阿联酋中层经理的收入有可能达到13万迪拉姆每月,甚至更高。

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同时我在迪拜的几个朋友昨天提供了以下留言参考:
朋友A:听说迪拜某两银行的总裁月薪为100万迪拉姆/月(合173万人民币/月)
朋友B:迪拜跨国公司的中层管理月薪一般4-5万迪拉姆(7万-8.5万人民币/月),有的还有分红和年底双薪。
朋友C:迪拜白领基本薪资中较多在1.5万迪拉姆/月(2.6万人民币),如果算上房屋补贴、医保、车补等其他补助,这个3.8万迪拉姆/月的数据应该挺正常。
朋友D:如果Expat解释为外派人员,那么欧美的外派员工待遇的确好得惊人,正常本国月薪乘以汇率已经当地的消费差比,加上异地补助,一定级别连房租和家属开销都是公司缴纳。
朋友E:10万迪拉姆的月薪(17万人民币)在迪拜外企管理层里其实挺多的。

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可见迪拜并非没有高收入,只是很多人的级别还没达到。按这个群体作为样本来调研,3.8万迪拉姆/月的结论还真是马马虎虎呀。

在一个存在较高比例高收入人群的小样本调研里,”阿联酋外籍人士月收入38000迪拉姆”这个结论应该真实存在。但如果把这个结论就当作阿联酋的收入水平,一定是片面且不客观的,无法反映来自不同国家的阿联酋外籍人士的综合平均收入情况。比如迪拜还有成千上万月收入不到1000迪拉姆的底层劳工,和许多月收入徘徊在3000迪拉姆底层工作者。他们都属于这个城市的外籍人士。

 

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